In the past two decades both medical science and health care have entered a new era: the medical science of the 21 st century. Molecular medicine is opening up, and new possibilities are available for the diagnosis, prevention, prediction and treatment of diseases.
One can witness such a progress in the medical sciences that has never been seen before. Modern attitudes in health care should be enforced in practice, including therapeutical approaches that consider the explanation and possible prevention of diseases, and attempt to comprehend and take into consideration the human personality. Th ese approaches demand the application of the most modern techniques in all fi elds of the medical education.
All curricula of the Medical and Health Science Center of the University of Debrecen wish to meet the challenges of modern times, and they embody some very basic values.
Th ey are comprehensive; they take into consideration the whole human personality body and soul in its natural and social surroundings; and they are based upon the best European humanistic traditions.
Moreover, all curricula prepare students for co-operation and teamwork. With respect to education, both students and teachers are inspired to acquire higher levels of professiona lism, precision, and problem solving skills, upon which the foundations of specialist training and independent medical practice can be built. Th is approach enables the assimilation of new scientifi c developments, facilitating further education and continuous expansion of knowledge.
Th e interplay of these factors ensures the ability to understand and handle the changing demands of health care.
With respect to research, the faculty members of the Medical and Health Science Center continuously acquire, internalize and subsume new knowledge, especially concerning the genesis, possible prevention and treatment of diseases.
Moreover, new information aimed at improving, preserving and restoring health of the society is also absorbed. Th e Medical and Health Science Center of the University of Debrecen has been internationally recognized in the fi elds of both basic and clinical research, and the clinicians and scientists of the Center are determined to preserve this achievement.
With respect to therapeutic practice, the main objective is to provide high quality, eff ective, up to date and much devoted health care to all members of the society, showing an example for other medical institutions in Hungary. One of the primary tasks is to continuously improve the actual standards of the diagnostic international textbook of diabetes mellitus 4th edition pdf therapeutic procedures and techniques, and to establish regional or even nationwide protocols.
With respect to serving the community, all faculty members of the Medical and Health Science Center wish to play a central role in shaping the policies of the health service; both international textbook of diabetes mellitus 4th edition pdf the region and in Hungary.
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Th ey also want to ensure that suffi cient number of medical doctors, dentists and other health care experts with university education is provided for society.
Th ese include humanity, empathy, social sensitivity, team-spirit, creativity, professionalism, independence, critical and innovative thinking, co-operation and management.
Th e organizational structure, including the multi-faculty construction of the institution, is a constantly improving, colorful educational environment, in which co-operation is manifest between the individual faculties and colleges, the various postgraduate programs as well as molecular- and medical biology educations. Debrecen is the traditional economic and cultural center of Eastern Hungary.
Th e 17 th century was regarded as the golden age of the city, because Debrecen became the mediator between the three parts of Hungary: the part under Turkish occupation, the Kingdom of Hungary and the Principality of Transylvania.
For short periods of time, Debrecen served twice as the capital of Hungary. Nowadays, with its population approximately a quarter of a million, it is the second largest city in Hungary.
Debrecen is a unique city: although it has no mountains and rivers, its natural environment is rather interesting. Th is is the authentic Hunga rian Plain without any notable elevations, with unique fl ora and fauna, natural phenomena e.
Th e region is unmatched in Europe, no matter whether one considers its natural endowments or its historic and ethnographic traditions. Th e University Medical School of Debrecen has its roots in this spiritual heritage.
It was in the year of the millennium of the establishment of Hungary when the foundation of the present University was decided. Th e educational activity in the University started inalthough the construction of the whole University was only completed in Inthe Faculty of Medicine became a self-contained, independent Medical University for training medical doctors.
Special training of dentists began in Inas part of a nationwide program, the University was given the rights to issue scientifi c qualifi cations, and new Ph. Several new programs e. Th e next stage was the construction of the 3 rd Department of Medicine, and various radiological units PET, linear accelerator, etc.
Th e Life Sciences Building and a new Library with lecture halls, reading rooms and computer terminals freely available for the students were completed in At present, the Debrecen Building of the Faculty of Health is being planned.
Th e Medical and Health Science Center of the University of Debrecen celebrated the 90 th anniversary of its foundation in October with a highly successful international scientifi c conference.
Students enrolled in the various programs e. Th e Hungarian Government gives major priorities to the higher education of health science in its higher education policy. One of these priorities is to increase the ratio of college level training forms within the Hunga rian higher education system. Th e governmental policy wishes to implement conditions in which the whole health science education system is built vertically from the lowest post-secondary or certifi cate to the highest Ph.
Th e new programs — with specialized training for paramedics — will help correct the balance of the Hungarian labor-market that be came rather unsettled in the past few decades.
Th is kind of training required a new structure, a new administrative apparatus, and a suitable training center.
Th e new residency programs were commenced in Admission requirements for Hungarian students are defi ned at national level, and they are applicable for every student wishing to be enrolled into the General Medicine or Dentistry programs. International students must pass an entrance interview in biology and depending in their preference in physics or chemistry. In some special cases it may be possible for candidates to apply for transfer to higher years on the basis of their previous studies and achievements.
International students study in English language, but those fl uent in Hungarian may use this language also during their studies. Entrance for certain courses of the Faculty of Health is also possible on the basis of a special evaluation scoring and an entrance interview. Th e syllabuses and classes of all courses correspond to European standards. Th e total number of contact hours in medical education is over 5, which can be divided into three main parts: basic theoretical training 1 st and 2 nd yearspre-clinical subjects 3 rd year and clinical subjects 4 th and 5 th years followed by the internship 6 th year.
Th e fi rst two years of dentistry education are similar to the general medicine program, but the former contains a basic dental training that is followed by a three-year-long pre-clinical and clinical training.
Besides the general medicine and dentistry programs, several other courses are also available, including molecular biology. Th e various courses at the Faculty of Health include more and more new curricula. Th e General Medicine program delivered in English and intended for international students was commenced in ; whereas the Dentistry and Pharmacy programs for international students started in andrespectively. Th e curriculum of the English language General Medicine program meets all the requirements prescribed by the European medical curriculum, which was outlined in by the Association of Medical Schools in Europe.
Otherwise, the English language curriculum is identical with the Hungarian one. Th e 6 th year of the curriculum is the internship that includes Internal Medicine, Pediatrics, Surgery, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Neurology, and Psychiatry. Completion cukorbeteg ehet e almát these subjects takes at least 47 weeks, although students are allowed to fi nish them within a month-long period. Th e successfully completed internship is followed by the Hungarian National Board Examination.
Just like the rest of the courses, the internship is also identical in the Hungarian and English programs. A one-year-long premedical Basic Medicine course, which serves as a foundation year, is recommended for all those applicants, who do not possess suffi cient knowledge in biology, physics and chemistry after fi nishing high school. After graduation, several interesting topics are off ered for Ph. Special education for general practitioners has been recently started, and a new system is in preparation now for the training of licensed physicians in Debrecen.